Как ограничить доступ к личным данным на Facebook

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Как ограничить доступ к личным данным на Facebook  

 

Социальные сети открыли новые возможности для общения и восстановления утерянных контактов. Но вот проблема: найти вас и ваши личные данные в сети теперь может любой, в том числе мошенники и спамеры. Что делать?

Один из этапов регистрации на Facebook, "Вконтакте" или "Одноклассниках" - настройки конфиденциальности. Этим шагом не следует пренебрегать, ведь большинство платформ по умолчанию делают личную информацию пользователей общедоступной. Результат - спам, запросы от "незваных гостей", частные фотографии в базе данных поисковиков. Как оградить себя от подобных неприятностей? Советы Deutsche Welle на примере личного профиля Facebook.

Лучше поздно, чем никогда

Стандартные настройки Facebook уже неоднократно подвергались критике со стороны экспертов по социальным сетям и продвинутых пользователей, в том числе и в Германии. В июле этого года уполномоченный по защите личных данных правительства Гамбурга предъявил к концерну иск, чреватый штрафом в 300 тысяч евро. Претензий к разработчикам и администраторам популярной интернет-платформы много. К примеру, в настройках по умолчанию предусмотрено, что профиль пользователя можно обнаружить не только в базе данных Facebook, но и с помощью обыкновенного поисковика. Поэтому советуем вам не пожалеть времени и персонализировать все настройки своего аккаунта. Сделать это можно и задним числом, после окончания регистрации.

Настройки конфиденциальности

Чтобы регламентировать доступ к личной информации, выберите в правом верхнем углу меню "Аккаунт", раздел "Настройки конфиденциальности". Здесь в рубрике "Собственные" вы можете ознакомиться с текущими настройками. Уровней доступа несколько: "Все", "Друзья друзей", "Только друзья" и "Другое".  "Все" обозначает, что вся информация о вас находится в открытом доступе, в том числе и за пределами Facebook. Не советуем вам и выбирать "Друзья друзей" - ведь в этом случае доступ к личным данным получат и незнакомые вам люди. Поэтому выбирать следует между "Только друзья" и "Другое".

Списки друзей

Кстати о друзьях: в Facebook это понятие - весьма растяжимое. Оно включает в себя все подтвержденные вами контакты, в том числе и коллег и просто знакомых. Если вы хотите, чтобы, к примеру, доступ к вашим фотографиям был только у друзей в офлайновом понимании этого слова, воспользуйтесь опцией "Другое". Здесь вы можете либо поименно выбрать близких вам людей, либо создать отдельную группу (в терминологии Facebook - "список"). Для экономии времени советуем создать группу частных контактов заранее. Сделать это можно в меню "Аккаунт / Редактирование списка друзей".

Контактная информация

Изменить настройки вы можете, выбрав одноименную ссылку. Особое внимание следует уделить разделу "Контактная информация". Помимо обязательного электронного адреса, у вас есть возможность оставить свои номера телефонов и домашний адрес. Ваши друзья это, безусловно, оценят, но вот публиковать такие данные в общем доступе не стоит. Поэтому и здесь советуем выбирать между опциями "Только друзья" и "Мои настройки". В последнем случае вам будет предложено определить круг пользователей, которым будет видна контактная информация.

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Следует также решить, хотите ли вы, чтобы ваш профиль в Facebook можно было обнаружить с помощью стандартных поисковых машин. Отключить эту функцию можно на странице "Аккаунт / Настройки конфиденциальности". В левом нижнем углу экрана расположена иконка "Приложения и веб-сайты". Пойдите по ссылке "Редактировать настройки". Функция называется "Результаты поиска". Нажмите на кнопку "Изменить настройки" и уберите галочку из окна "Включить общий поиск". После этого ваш профиль будет доступен только в пределах Facebook.

Будьте осторожны с приложениями

Facebook предлагает огромный каталог бесплатных приложений (см. "Приложения / Каталог приложений"). Прежде чем установить заинтересовавшую вас программу, советуем внимательно прочитать условия пользования. Нередко они обязывают пользователя предоставить доступ не только к вашей личной информации, но и к списку друзей. Кроме того, разработчиками приложений, как правило, является не Facebook, а сторонние фирмы. Это означает, что данные из вашего профиля быстро покинут пределы сайта, и отследить их дальнейшую судьбу будет крайне сложно.

Немного анонимности

В Facebook считается хорошим тоном регистрироваться под своим настоящим именем, тем не менее, применение псевдонима не запрещено. Впрочем, если вы хотите использовать эту социальную сеть по прямому назначению - для общения и поиска знакомых, то лучше все-таки завести именной профиль. Ведь в противном случае функция автоматического поиска друзей не сработает. А вот в качестве фотографии профиля вовсе не обязательно публиковать свое паспортное фото. Здесь немного анонимности не помешает. Поэтому можно "размыть" свое изображение или поместить снимок, где вас видно только издалека или в профиль. Друзья и знакомые вас узнают без труда, чужим видеть ваше лицо ни к чему. Впрочем, тут уж, как говорится, хозяин - барин.

Франциска Шмидт, Татьяна Петренко, Deutsche Welle 


Date: 14.09.2011
Add by: ava  oxana.sher
Visit: 10669
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